How does it work?
Various agents are available that have proven their effectiveness and safety. These include: alpha hydroxy acids, glycolic acid, salicylic acid, trichloroacetic acid (TCA) and others of different concentrations. They are chosen depending on the condition to be treated, the type of complexion, the necessary depth.
Types of peeling
There are 3 types of chemical peeling, depending on the depth at which they act:
- The superficial peeling acts at the level of the superficial layer of the skin (epidermis). It is recommended for fine wrinkles, dull skin and smokers’ skin, pigment spots, loss of skin elasticity.
Benefits: it reduces the signs of aging skin, gives shine, stimulates the epidermis, regulates sebum secretion, shrinks pores, evens out skin colour, alleviates fine wrinkles, maximizes the effect of dermatocosmetics used daily.
- The medium peel penetrates to the dermis (the deeper layer of the skin), where the collagen fibres are located, the skin’s own hyaluronic acid that determines the young appearance of the skin. It is done only by physicians. Agents for medium peeling: TCA (trichloroacetic acid), resorcinol, mixtures of acids of various concentrations. It addresses deeper signs, fine wrinkles, deeper post-acne scars, pigment spots, stretch marks, and aging skin.
Benefits: it reduces the signs of aging, improves skin texture, smooth skin, reduces the signs of post-acne scars and pigment spots.
- Deep peeling is performed in the operating theatre, under anaesthesia. The most commonly used agent is phenol. It is the most aggressive peeling; it can even lead to a permanent discolouration of the skin. Therefore, 3-4 medium peels with TCA than a deep one are recommended, in order to obtain a comparable result, without the side effects that can occur in the case of deep peeling.